Just The F.A.Q.s

complicated questions, simple answers
History of Hypnosis

Although often viewed as one continuous history, the term hypnosis only gained widespread use in the 1880s, initially amongst those influenced by the developments in France, some twenty years after the death of James Braid – who had adopted the term hypnotism in 1841.

Braid adopted the term hypnotism (which specifically applied to the state of the subject, rather than techniques applied by the operator) to contrast his own, unique, subject-centered, approach with those of the operator-centered mesmerists who preceded him.

According to his writings, Braid began to hear reports concerning the practices of various Oriental meditation techniques immediately after the publication of his major book on hypnotism, Neurypnology (1843). Braid first discusses hypnotism’s historical precursors in a series of articles entitled Magic, Mesmerism, Hypnotism, etc., Historically & Physiologically Considered. He draws analogies between his own practice of hypnotism and various forms of Hindu yoga meditation and other ancient spiritual practices.

Sleep Temples

Hypnotism as a tool for health seems to have originated with the Hindus of ancient India, who often took their sick to sleep temples to be cured by hypnotic suggestion, as in ancient Egypt and Greece. Hypnotic-like inductions were used to place the individual in a sleep-like state, although it is now accepted that hypnosis is different from sleep]

James Braid

The Scottish surgeon James Braid coined the term “hypnotism” in his unpublished Practical Essay on the Curative Agency of Neuro-Hypnotism (1842) as an abbreviation for “neuro-hypnotism,” meaning “sleep of the nerves.” Braid fiercely opposed the views of the Mesmerists, especially the claim that their effects were due to an invisible force called “animal magnetism,” and the claim that their subjects developed paranormal powers such as telepathy. Instead, Braid adopted a skeptical position, influenced by the philosophical school of Scottish Common Sense Realism, attempting to explain the Mesmeric phenomena on the basis of well-established laws of psychology and physiology. Hence, Braid is regarded by many as the first true “hypnotist” as opposed to the Mesmerists and other magnetists who preceded him.

Braid is credited with writing the first ever book on hypnotism, Neurypnology (1843). After Braid’s death in 1860, interest in hypnotism temporarily waned, and gradually shifted from Britain to France, where research began to grow, reaching its peak around the 1880s with the work of Hippolyte Bernheim and Jean-Martin Charcot.

American Civil War

Hypnosis was used by field doctors in the American Civil War and was the first extensive medical application of hypnosis. Although hypnosis seemed effective in the field, with the introduction of the hypodermic needle and the general chemical anesthetics of ether in 1846 and chloroform in 1847 to America, it was much easier for the war’s medical community to use chemical anesthesia than hypnosis.

First International Congress, 1889

The First International Congress for Experimental and Therapeutic Hypnotism was held in Paris, France, on 8–12 August 1889. Attendees included Jean-Martin Charcot, Hippolyte Bernheim, Sigmund Freud and Ambroise-Auguste Liébeault. The second congress was held on 12–16 August 1900.

Sigmund Freud

Hypnosis, which at the end of the 19th century had become a popular phenomenon, in particular due to Charcot’s public hypnotism sessions, was crucial in the invention of psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud, a student of Charcot. Freud later witnessed a small number of the experiments of Liébeault and Hippolyte Bernheim in Nancy. Back in Vienna he developed abreaction therapy using hypnosis with Josef Breuer. When Sigmund Freud discounted its use in psychiatry, in the first half of the last century, stage hypnotists kept it alive more than physicians.

You have probably been in hypnotic trance many times before, including watching the yellow line in the middle of the highway.


U.S. definition for Hypnotherapist

The U.S. (Department of Labor) Directory of Occupational Titles
(D.O.T. 079.157.010) supplies the following definition:

“Hypnotherapist – Induces hypnotic state in client to increase motivation or alter behavior pattern through hypnosis. Consults with client to determine the nature of problem. Prepares client to enter hypnotic states by explaining how hypnosis works and what client will experience. Tests subject to determine degrees of physical and emotional suggestibility. Induces hypnotic state in client using individualized methods and techniques of hypnosis based on interpretation of test results and analysis of client’s problem. May train client in self-hypnosis conditioning. Some states hold the term “Therapist” to be licensed medical professionals. Therefore, using this term and not being a licensed professional would be practicing without a license.


Hypnosis is a trance-like state in which you have heightened focus and stronger impressions. It is a very natural state which you use all the time anyway, from daydreaming to deep focus on an activity and in your dream-state. Under hypnosis, you are more calm and relaxed, more open than usual to suggestions which can be used to change your life. 

Therapeutic hypnosis can be used along with other treatments to improve your health and well-being and is different from stage hypnosis.


Hypnotherapy allows you to find answers and hear powerful suggestions to help yourself. 

When you are hypnotized, you are in a peaceful state, and your mind is permitting suggestions to be accepted. You are aware and you respond only to suggestions that are right and benefit your beliefs.


Absolutely! Being hypnotized may not feel any different to you than how you would normally feel before you drift off to sleep. There will be no Big Bang and you will not be unconscious. As stated above, you have probably been in hypnotic trance many times before including watching the yellow line in the middle of the highway.


Hypnosis & Smokers

I’ve had many smokers leave and never smoke again, but…they do need reinforcement, which is why I suggest follow-up sessions for smokers. Simply stated, smokers are not only experiencing withdrawals but also dealing with ‘triggers’ which can ultimately lead to a relapse. Unless a smoker decides to never go out to a club to listen to music and have a beer, the obsession with old habits could remain for awhile.

Coffee, alcohol and food are triggers for the smoker who has just quit. These tend to be reactions that smokers have linked to actions. Even though you will feel strong when you leave, the reinforcement helps to ground you to the ultimate action, which is why you chose to quit in the first place.

Hypnotherapy allows you to find answers and hear powerful suggestions to help yourself.

What Can I Expect When I'm Hypnotized?

I will not be using a pendulum or any other ‘inducing’ elements. Those were used at the turn of the century in order for the hypnotist to put the client into a repetitive state. Based on my research and practice, we can accomplish all of this by walking you down the road or to the door.

You will not be ‘out-of-control’ or ‘under-the-influence’ of me at any time. You will be fully in control and will have no reason for alarm. This will simply be a guided physical relaxation technique which will allow you visualize more than in your waking state. Actually, you will probably think that you are making the entire experience up and I do like for people to understand this beforehand. In knowing that you will think you are making the entire thing up, it will allow you to go with the flow. Even if you are thinking that it’s a bunch of rubbish in the back of your head, you will be aware of the images that are coming before you. If you are the type of person who sees images like a slide show, you will know immediately what they mean, where you are, who is with you and what is going on. If that is not you, you will probably sense what the situation is around you. It’s just different for everyone but the ultimate knowledge is ultimately the same.

How Will Hypnosis Feel To Me?

Hypnosis will feel different for everyone but a general rule will be that you will feel extremely relaxed. Our goal using hypnosis is not to attempt to take your mind over and convince you to do anything that would normally be foreign to you or go against your religious, spiritual or moral beliefs. What we are attempting to do is to put you in touch with the “all-knowing” whether that takes the form of GOD, your Higher Power, your Unconscious, your Superconscious or your Guardian Angels. Whichever form the answers come to you is not really the question. By allowing yourself to be led down the road and guided through the forks in the road is only part of the journey. I will be your tour guide for the session.

I have had hypnosis clients who went totally deep in a session and snored while answering my questions. I have others who drift off into a dream-like state and others who simply lose track of time. Regardless, you will always be in total control. Again, I am simply your guide.

Explain Hypnosis...

Hypnosis can be considered an alternative form of healing which induces the mind to tap into an unused portion of the brain that knowingly has all answers. We have all heard someone say, “I don’t know, it just came to me.” Or, “I had the strangest dream last night.” Better known to almost everyone is the feeling that overcomes you when you are sitting in front of the tv and sort of lose yourself. This is why many people cannot go to sleep unless the tv is on; they are inducing hypnosis by using the T.V.!

By using hypnosis to overcome limitations, fears, quit smoking, lose weight, make positive changes or simply learn to relax, you will be finally be able to tap into the unlimited power of a specific section of the mind that science truly does not yet understand.

Your freewill is in charge & you are in control • You never do or say anything you do not choose!

What Exactly Happens?

Before your scheduled hypnosis session, I will have you answer a few questions and we will prioritize what you would like to achieve with the session. Once that is done, I’ll detail what will occur and let you settle in and get comfortable.

I have used chairs in the past and found that most people have a difficult time getting comfortable in a chair. Therefore, I use a comfy padded table for clients to really relax. So that nothing is disturbing to you beforehand, I have also included some pictures of my main office so that you can get an idea of the setup. Everything is just nice and relaxed.

Stage Hypnosis vs. Clinical Hypnosis

In a nutshell, stage hypnosis is what you might have seen at nightclubs. The hypnotist will rove around the room looking for the very best candidates who will be comical and leave their inhibitions at the door. 

This is a skilled form of hypnosis that is done entirely for entertainment purposes.[/tab]

Clinical hypnosis is an extremely skilled form of hypnosis in which you delve into your deeper consciousness for the answers to the issues that are negatively affecting your life and well-being. 

This is done in a controlled environment so as to keep you both on track and relaxed enough to walk through the myriad of doors that will open for you.

Hypnosis is an alternative form which induces the mind to tap into an unused portion of the brain that knowingly has all answers.



The Roman Catholic Church banned hypnotism until the mid-20th century when, in 1956, Pope Pius XII gave his approval of hypnosis. He stated that the use of hypnosis by health care professionals for diagnosis and treatment is permitted. In an address from the Vatican on hypnosis in childbirth, the Pope gave these guidelines:

Hypnotism is a serious matter, and not something to dabble in. In its scientific use, the precautions dictated by both science and morality must be followed. Under the aspect of anesthesia, it is governed by the same principles as other forms of anesthesia.

In 1958, the American Medical Association approved a report on the medical uses of hypnosis. It encouraged research on hypnosis although pointing out that some aspects of hypnosis are unknown and controversial. However, in June 1987, the AMA’s policy-making body rescinded all AMA policies from 1881–1958 (other than two not relating to hypnosis).

Two years after AMA approval, the American Psychological Association endorsed hypnosis as a branch of psychology.